FEBRUARY 15, 1820–MARCH 13, 1906
Susan B. Anthony was born in Adams, Massachusetts, in 1820. She was a reformer and organizer for women’s suffrage. Thanks to her tireless travels and speeches promoting women’s right to vote, she is probably the most well-known figure of the American women’s suffrage movement.
Anthony began her women’s rights activism around 1850 and spent the next five decades giving speeches, writing and editing, and organizing conferences in favor of women’s suffrage. She also worked with the temperance and abolition movements.
Anthony’s activism was far from flawless, however; Anthony was anti-slavery, but she also believed that white people were superior to Black people. She did not support the 15th Amendment and famously said that she would cut off her own right arm before supporting African American men gaining the right to vote before white women. This argument dated all the way back to the 1860s, but many suffragists like Lucy Stone publicly disagreed with Anthony’s stance.
Anthony went on to found the National Woman Suffrage Association, which later merged with the National American Woman Suffrage Association, for which she served as president. These were two of the most significant American suffragist organizations. Despite her many controversies, she is now remembered as one of the most important activists of her time.
She was even memorialized on a US dollar coin. Anthony died in 1906 at age 86.
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