MAY 20, 1825–NOVEMBER 25, 1921
Antoinette Brown Blackwell was born in Henrietta, New York, in 1825. She was a lecturer, writer, and reformer. Devoted to Christianity from a young age, in 1853 she became the first woman to be an ordained minister in the United States.
Blackwell linked religion and science with her pro-woman beliefs. She published multiple books about her views of science and philosophy, arguing that men and women had evolved as equal partners, and that neither could be superior to the other. Blackwell believed that gender equality would not be achieved merely through women having the vote, but by men and women having equal responsibilities in society and the home. She also supported the temperance movement and the abolition of slavery. In 1869, she cofounded the American Woman Suffrage Association with Lucy Stone, and in 1891 she was elected president of the New Jersey Woman Suffrage Association.
The 19th Amendment was ratified when Blackwell was 95 years old. She voted for Warren G. Harding in 1920, becoming one of the few suffragists of her generation to successfully vote in a presidential election. She died in 1921 at age 96.
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