SEPTEMBER 14, 1857–MARCH 15, 1950
Alice Stone Blackwell was born in East Orange, New Jersey, in 1857. She was a suffragist, journalist, and social reformer. Her parents were Lucy Stone and Henry Browne Blackwell, two major women’s rights activists of the 19th century. She was also the niece of Elizabeth Blackwell, the first female doctor in America, and Antoinette Brown Blackwell, the first female ordained minister in America.
Blackwell worked to unify the women’s suffrage movement in America. In the 1860s, the women’s suffrage movement had split into two competing organizations, the National Woman Suffrage Association and the American Woman Suffrage Association. The AWSA supported the 15th Amendment, which granted Black men the right to vote, but the NWSA did not, because they thought white women should have the vote first.
In the late 1880s, Blackwell successfully facilitated negotiations between the two organizations, and in 1890 the National American Woman Suffrage Association was formed. The NAWSA became the primary women’s suffrage organization in America, and its work played a key role in getting the 19th Amendment passed.
Blackwell also served as the editor of the Women’s Journal, a newspaper founded by her parents. She worked with a number of social reform groups, including the Women’s Christian Temperance Union and the NAACP. She died in 1950 at age 92.
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